Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Knowledge and Compliance to Prenatal Exercises among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinic of University of Benin Teaching Hospital

Aminaho Ehianu Maynard


This study investigated the knowledge and compliance to prenatal exercises among pregnant women attending Antenatal Clinic of University of Benin Teaching Hospital. This study is a descriptive survey conducted in the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, a tertiary healthcare institution in South-South Nigeria. The target population of the study included all antenatal mothers in attendance in University of Benin Teaching Hospital at the time of conducting the study which totaled 350. A total of 184 respondents were selected from the target population using the convenience sampling technique. The instrument for the study was a structured validated questionnaire titled “Knowledge and Compliance to Prenatal Exercises among Pregnant Women Questionnaire (KCPEPWQ)” with a reliability index of 0.82. Data analysis was done using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences Software (SPSS) version 16. Results revealed that out of the 184 respondents studied, 115(62.5%) had poor knowledge, 12(6.50%) had fair knowledge while 57((31.05%) had good knowledge about prenatal exercises; 59(32.1%) were compliant with prenatal exercises recommendation while 125(67.9%) were not compliant with prenatal exercises guidelines; the factors influencing the compliance of mothers to prenatal exercises include the belief that exercise is unhealthy during pregnancy, poor knowledge of the merits and demerits of prenatal exercises, safety concerns, poor educational status, feeling of tiredness, not feeling like exercising, busy schedule, previous involvement in regular exercise, fear of the unknown, a lot of child care activities. There is therefore the need for increased awareness on the usefulness of prenatal exercise to pregnant women and as much as possible pregnant women should be encouraged to practice prenatal exercises as part of their daily routine.

Full Text:



Wang TW, Apgar BS (1998), “Exercise during pregnancy”, American Family Physician, Volume 57, Issue 8, pp. 1846–1852.

Mbada CE, Adebayo OE, Adeyemi AB, Arijie OO, Dada OO, Akinwale OA, Awotidebe TO, Alonge IA (2014), “Knowledge and Attitude of Nigerian Pregnant Women towards Antenatal Exercise: A Cross-Sectional Survey”, ISRN Obstet Gynecol, 260539.

American Pregnancy Association (Sept 2016), “Exercise during pregnancy”, Available from:, Accessed on 20th Jan, 2017.

Palaniappan B (1995), “Role of antenatal care in safe motherhood”, Journal of the Indian Medical Association, Volume 93, Issue 2, pp. 53–54.

American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (2002), “Exercise during pregnancy and the postpartum period”, ACOG Committee Opinion Number 267. Obstetrics & Gynecology, Volume 99, Issue 1, pp. 171–173.

Clapp JF, Kim H, Burciu B, Lopez B (2000), “Beginning regular exercise in early pregnancy: effect on fetoplacental growth”, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Volume 183, Issue 6, pp. 1484–1488.

Sujindra E, Bupathy A, Suganya A, Praveena R (2015), “Knowledge, attitude and practice of exercise during pregnancy among antenatal mothers”, Int J Educ Psychol Res, Volume 1, pp. 234−237.

Zerfu AT, Biadglilign S (2018), “Pregnant mothers have limited knowledge and poor dietary diversity practices, but favorable attitude towards nutritional recommendations in rural Ethiopia: evidence from community-based study”, BMC Nutrition, Volume 4, Issue 43.

Fagbamigbe AF, Idemudia ES (2015), “Barriers to antenatal care use in Nigeria: evidences from non-users and implications for maternal health programming”, BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, Volume 15, Issue 95,


  • There are currently no refbacks.