Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Ottis Media

S. Sreeremya


Ottis media is an anomaliy happening in the middle ear. Basically ottis media can be clinically manifestated as a condition of ear where it is infested with bacteria or virus. The major objective of this paper is to understand about the characteristics and clinical implications of the disease.

Full Text:



McCormick DP, Chonmaitree T, Pittman C, Saeed K, Friedman NR, Uchida T, Baldwin CD. Nonsevere acute otitis media: a clinical trial comparing outcomes of watchful waiting versus immediate antibiotic treatment. Pediatrics 2005; 115: 1455-65.

Dagan R. Treatment of acute otitis media - challenges in the era of antibiotic resistance. Vaccine 2000; 19 Suppl 1:S9-S16.

Dagan R, Leibovitz E, Cheletz G, Leiberman A, Porat N. Antibiotic treatment in acute otitis media promotes superinfection with resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae carried before initiation of treatment. J Infect Dis 2001; 183:880-6.

Toltzis P, Dul M, O'Riordan MA, Toltzis H, Blumer JL. Impact of amoxicillin on pneumococcal colonization compared with other therapies for acute otitis media. Pediatr Infect Dis J 2005; 24:24-8.

Suzuki K. The status quo of drug-resistant bacteria in pediatric otolaryngological infectious diseases. Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol Jpn 2000; 21:26-31 (in Japanese).

Nishimura T, Suzuki K, Oda M, Kobayashi T, Yajin K, Yamanaka N, et al. The third nationwide survey of clinical isolates from patients with otolaryngological field infections. J Jpn Soc Infect Dis Otolaryngol 2004; 22:12−23 (in Japanese).

Dohar J, Garner E, Nielsen R, Biel M, Seidlin M. Topical ofloxacin treatment of otorrhea

in children with tympanostomy tubes. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg., 1999, 125 (5):


Donaldson I, Snow DG. A five-year follow-up of incus transposition in relation to the

first stage tympanoplasty technique. J Laryngol Otol., 1992, 106(7): 607-609.

Eason R, Harding F, Nicholson R, Nicholson D, Pada J, Gathercole J. Chronic suppurative

otitis media in the Solomon Islands: a prospective microbiological, audiometric and therapeutic survey. N Z Med J., 1986, 99: 812-815.

Edelstein D, Parisier S, Jin CH. Acquired cholesteatoma in the pediatric age group.

Otolaryngol Clin N Am., 1989, 22(5): 955-966.

Elango S, Purohit GN, Hashim M, Hilmi R. Hearing loss and ear disorders in Malaysian

school children. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol., 1991, 22: 75-80

. Elango S, Than T.Mastoiditis in Kelantan.Med J Malaysia, 1995, 50 (3): 233-236.

Esposito S, D’Errico G,Montanaro C. Topical and oral treatment of chronic otitis media

with ciprofloxacin. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg., 1990, 116: 557-559.

Esposito S, Noviello S, D'Errico G, Montanaro C. Topical ciprofloxacin vs. intramuscular

gentamicin for chronic otitis media.Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg., 1992, 118: 842-844.

Fairbanks D. Antimicrobial therapy for chronic suppurative otitis media. Ann

Otolaryngol-Head Neck Surg., 1981, 90 (3) (Suppl. 84): 58-62.

Fishler RS, Todd NW, Feldman CM. Otitis media and language performance in a cohort

of Apache Indian children. Am J Dis Child., 1985, 139 (4): 355-360.

Fliss DM, Dagan R,Houri Z, Leiberman A.Medical management of chronic suppurative

otitis media without cholesteatoma in children. J Pediatr., 1990, 116(6): 991-996.

Fliss DM, Shoham I, Leiberman A, Dagan R. Chronic suppurative otitis media without

cholesteatoma in children in Southern Israel: incidence and risk factors. Pediatr Infect

Dis J., 1991, 10: 895-899.

Forum Interview. With Alberti P, Kapur Y, and Prasansuk S. Prevention of deafness and

hearing impairment. World Health Forum, 1993, 14: 1-12.

Fradis M, Brodsky A, Ben-David J, Srugo I, Larboni J, Podoshin L. Chronic otitis media

treated topically with ciprofloxacin and tobramycin. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg.,

, 123: 1057-1060.

Froom J, Culpepper L, Grob P, Bartelds A, Boers P, Bridges-Webb C, Grava-Gubins A,

Green L, Lion J, Somaini B et al. Diagnosis and antibiotic treatment of acute otitis media:

report from International Primary Care Network. BMJ, 1990, 300: 582-586.

Garzon Calles JA. [Our experience with reconstructive surgery++ of the middle ear in

tympanoplasties with mastoidectomy] Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp., 1994, 45(5): 315-327.

Gehanno P, Cohen B. Effectiveness and safety of ofloxacin in chronic otitis media and

chronic sinusitis in adult outpatients. Europ Arch Oto-Rhino-Laryngol., 1993, 250:


Gell FM, McCWhite E, Newell K, Mackenzie I, Smith A, Thompson S,Hatcher J. Practical

screening priorities for hearing impairment among children in developing countries.

Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 1992, 70 (5): 645-655.

Gibson PG, Stuart JE, Wlodarczyk J, Olson L, Hensley M. Nasal inflammation and chronicear disease in Australian Aboriginal children. J Paediatr Child Health, 1996, 32: 143-147.

Gove S (for the WHO Working Group on Guidelines for Integrated Management of the

Sick Child). Integrated management of childhood illness by outpatient health workers:

technical basis and overview. Bull World Health Organiz., 1997, 75 (Suppl. 1): 7-24.

Goycoolea MV, Hueb MM, Ruah C. Definitions and terminology. Otolaryngol Clin

North America, 1991, 24 (4): 757-761.

Gyde MC.When the weeping stopped: an otologist views otorrhea and gentamicin. Arch

Otolaryngol., 1976, 102: 542-546.

Halama AR, Voogt GR, Musgrave GM. Prevalence of otitis media in children in a black

rural community in Venda (South Africa). Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol., 1986, 11 (1):


Hall JW, Grose JH, Pillsbury HC. Long-term effects of chronic otitis media on binaural

hearing in children. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg., 1995, 121 (8): 847-852.

Hamilton M, McKenzie Pollack M, Heath M. Aural health in 227 Northland school and

preschool children. N Z Med J., 1980, 91: 59-62. cited in p 65

Hatcher J, Smith A, Mackenzie I, Thompson S, Bal I, Macharia I, Mugwe P, Okoth-

Olende C, Oburra H,Wanjohi Z, Achola N,Mirza N, Hart A. A prevalence study of ear

problems in school children in Kiambu district, Kenya, May 1992. Int J Pediatr

Otorhinolaryngol., 1992, 33: 197-205.

Hinchcliffe R. Editorial review. WHO and its role in the prevention of deafness and hearing

impairment. J Laryngol Otol., 1997, 111: 699-701.


  • There are currently no refbacks.