Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Assessment of Knowledge of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation among Pharmacy Students of Mirpur, Azad Jammu & Kashmir

Sohail Riaz, Shafaq Akram, Nida Shoukat, Moazma Kousar, Zafar Iqbal, Kashif Sohail, Zeeshan Javaid, Qazi Amir Ejaz


Introduction: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is the most important lifesaving technique in several emergency situations such as cardiac arrest. In future, being part of health care professionals, pharmacy students are deemed to possess basic skills and expertise which are required to perform CPR. Objective: To access the knowledge of cardiopulmonary among pharmacy students of Mirpur Azad Jammu & Kashmir. Methods: It was a questionnaire-based, descriptive cross-sectional study, conducted among 4th and 5th year students of two Pharmacy institutes of Mirpur AJ&K from November 2018 to January 2019. A pre-tested questionnaire from previous study was used to collect data. It comprised of 13 dichotomous questions with “Yes/No” options, regarding knowledge of CPR. Descriptive statistics was used to unfold the demographic characteristics. Inferential statistics (Kruskal Wallis and Man Whitney) tests were used for evaluating difference between dependent continuous variables and independent variables and Chi-square was applied to determine difference between grouped variables. P-value of less than 0.05 is considered significant. The data was analyzed using SPSS version 20. Result: Overall, 131 out of 150(response rate= 92%) students participated in current study. Gender distribution among the participants was almost equal with 66 males (50.4%) males and 65 (49.6%) females took part in current study. Participants of the age group 21-23 years (n=88, 67.2%) were dominant. Only few students (n=23, 17.6%) reported to have taken training in CPR previously. Eighty-eight (66.7%) had average knowledge of CPR. No significant differences among male and female, 4th and 5th year students of both the institutes were found. Conclusion: The study revealed that knowledge level of CPR is adequate in most of the students of pharmacy. However, further improvements are required to perform CPR in an efficient manner. Thus, training in CPR should be mandatory in the pharmacy curriculum.

Full Text:



Jäntti H., Resuscitation (CPR) Quality and Education. 2010.

Kaihula, W.T., et al. Assessment of cardiopulmonary resuscitation knowledge and skills among healthcare providers at an urban tertiary referral hospital in Tanzania. BMC health services research, 2018; 18(1): pp. 935.

Al-Turki, Y.A., et al., Knowledge and attitudes towards cardiopulmonary resuscitation among university students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Saudi medical journal, 2008; 29(9): pp. 1306-1309.

Zaheer, H. & Z. Haque, Students' Corner-Awareness about BLS (CPR) among medical students: Status and requirements. JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association, 2009; 59(1): pp. 57.

Goddard, K.B., et al., Basic life support and cardiopulmonary resuscitation training for pharmacy students and the community by a pharmacy student committee. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 2010; 74(6): pp. 100.

Khan, J.A. & Z.H. Balooch. Assessment of knowledge of basic life support among cardiology physicians at a tertiary care cardiac hospital. Pakistan Heart Journal. 2014; 47(3).

Singh, K., et al., Cardiopulmonary resuscitation: Knowledge and personal experience among dentists in Udaipur, India. Journal of Dental Sciences. 2011; 6(2): pp. 72-75.

Ralapanawa, D.M.P.U.K., et al., A study on the knowledge and attitudes on advanced life support among medical students and medical officers in a tertiary care hospital in Sri Lanka. BMC research notes, 2016; 9(1): pp. 462.

Almesned, A., et al., Basic life support knowledge of healthcare students and professionals in the Qassim University. International journal of health sciences. 2014; 8(2): pp. 141.

Kumari M., et al., Clinical awareness of do’s and don’ts of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) among university medical students-A Questionnaire Study. Journal of clinical and diagnostic research: JCDR, 2014; 8(7): pp. MC08.

Chandrasekaran S., S. Kumar, & S.A. Bhat, Awareness of basic life support among medical, dental, nursing students and doctors. Indian journal of Anaesthesia, 2010; 54(2): pp. 121.

Mendhe, H.G., et al., Knowledge, attitude and practice study on cardiopulmonary resuscitation among medical and nursing interns. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 2017; 4(8): pp. 3026-3030.

Aroor, A.R., et al., Awareness about basic life support and emergency medical services and its associated factors among students in a tertiary care hospital in South India. Journal of emergencies, trauma, and shock. 2014; 7(3): pp. 166.

Abbas, A., S.I. Bukhari, & F. Ahmad. Knowledge of first aid and basic life support amongst medical students: a comparison between trained and un-trained students. JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association. 2011; 61(6): pp. 613-616.

Srinivas, H., N. Kotekar, & S.R. Rao, A survey of basic life support awareness among final year undergraduate medical, dental, and nursing students. International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences. 2014; 3(2): pp. 91.

Chew, K., et al., A survey on the knowledge, attitude and confidence level of adult cardiopulmonary resuscitation among junior doctors in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia and Hospital Raja Perempuan Zainab II, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia. Med J Malaysia, 2011; 66(1): pp. 56-9.

Sánchez García, A.B., et al., Assessment of the knowledge level and its relevance in terms of CPR in medical personnel of the hospital emergency medical system of the Autonomous Community of the Region of Murcia. Enferm Glob, 2015; 14: pp. 230.

Inoue, T., et al., Evaluation of BLS skills by a BLS training program for pharmacy students-activation of the EMS system, rescue breathing, and AED operation. Journal of Clinical Simulation Research, 2017; 7: pp. 8-14.

Gebremedhn, E.G., G.B. Gebregergs, & B.B. Anderson, The knowledge level of final year undergraduate health science students and medical interns about cardiopulmonary resuscitation at a university teaching hospital of Northwest Ethiopia. World journal of emergency medicine, 2014; 5(1): pp. 29.

Savaliya, M.R., M.B. Vora, & S. Gorynwala, An evaluation of knowledge and practices toward the basic life support/cardiopulmonary resuscitation among undergraduate dental students. International Journal of Students’ Research, 2016; 6(2): pp. 12.

Ackermann, A., Acquisition and retention of CPR knowledge and skills for junior level baccalaureate nursing students. 2007.

Owaid Alsharari, A., et al., Current Status of Knowledge about Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation among the University Students in the Northern Region of Saudi Arabia. Cardiology Research and Practice, 2018; 2018: p. 1-9.


  • There are currently no refbacks.