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Development of a Palm Oil Press

Oluwaseun. A. ILEOYE


Palm oil is the major cooking oil for various homes on the West Coast of Africa. This is because it contains Vitamin A and D (e.g. especially vitamin A which is good for the eyes) unlike the other cooking oil such as groundnut oil, cottonseed oil, and shell nuts oil. It is widely known that the production of palm oil has been by local methods which are highly stressful and time-consuming with low output and less quality. This project is therefore concerned with the production of better means of producing palm oil by introducing a presser that reduces stress and can produce a better quantity and quality of palm oil. This project clearly states the various extraction systems and extraction methods. The major part of the project also includes the design consideration for the hydraulic pressing machine, the design parts, and its construction. The circumferential stress and the longitudinal stress were determined. Also, the volume of the pressing cage was determined and the collector capacity was known. However, with the diameter of the pressing plate, the area of the pressing plate was determined and the force on the pressing plate was equally known. Also, the machine capacity was known to be 285.25KN/M2 from the design. Lastly, from the test result, the average volume of oil received was calculated and the machine efficiency after proper calculation was determined to be 89.6%.

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